Laparoscopy (or peritoneoscopy) is a medical procedure used to examine the interior of the abdominal or pelvic cavities for the diagnosis or treatment (or both) of a number of different diseases and conditions. The advantage of laparoscopy is that only a small incision is required; this is why laparoscopy is also known as 'keyhole surgery'.
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Laparoscopy, also called peritoneoscopy, procedure that permits visual examination of the abdominal cavity with an optical instrument called a laparoscope, which is inserted through a small incision made in the abdominal wall.
Laparoscopy (laparoscopic surgery), also known as minimally invasive or "keyhole" surgery, is now the standard of care whenever possible these days. That's because it's just so much easier on the body than traditional open abdominal surgery.
Optical fibres are narrow tubes of glass fibres with a plastic coating that carry light from one end to the other. The light bounces off the walls of the fibre and can even bounce around corners. The properties of optical fibres make them useful for a wide range of applications including:
Medical - to transmit pictures of organs and arteries.